Just Landed I – What to do next?
Canada is the second largest country on earth and has three ocean borders: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean. Canada also borders the United States in the south and in the northwest.
Planning your landing is vital for settling quickly in Canada, to do so you need to collect as much information as possible.
As long as you made it to read this Blog, it’s obvious that Internet is your source. In fact this is the best source specially if you surf Canadian Government website like.
http://www.cic.gc.ca/ where you can find official information about immigration, and http://www.settlement.org that has very useful information about settling there. Of course some people like to consult a lawyer since the beginning, but be careful unfortunately not all lawyers are qualified or experienced.
Now after you have arrived to Canada, you need to know what to do next. in this post I will give you your Welcome to Canada Checklist, and then I will elaborate more in each one … so I will write a separate detailed post about every action item. Here is your list:
Apply for a Social Insurance Number (SIN)
Apply for a Health Card (OHIP)
Apply for the Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) if you have kids
Open a Bank Account: I recommend RBC Royal Bank as it is the biggest bank in Canada. I will elaborate more about Financial issues in later post.
Apply for a Driver’s Licence
Job Search: Get information about finding a job by finding an Employment Resource Centre (ERC) close to your home, where you can learn about your rights as an employee and lots of useful information about how to “job search”.
Find a Settlement Agency close to your home
Find a Community Health Centre close to your home
Find a Public Library close to your home
Find out how to register your children in school
Get maps of streets and bus routes
Find English Classes for you and your family
Find out where to shop: Food, Clothes, etc …
Find an accommodation in canada (Housing):
First thing you have to think about is where to stay temporarily and afterwards permanently in canada ; so as we are now talking about settling in Ontario (the province), probably the best city to live around is Toronto (GTA – Greater Toronto Area).
Toronto City is the largest of Canada’s vibrant urban centres. It is the hub of the nation’s commercial, financial, industrial, and cultural life, and is the capital of the Province of Ontario. That means a JOB to you.
Well, getting back to “where to live in canada”, I believe that living in Mississauga, which is located just beside Toronto, is a smart strategic move because Mississauga is a newer city, cheaper rent, has great services, and still you have quick access to Toronto; so you can live in Mississauga City and work in Toronto City.
However, this actually depends on being you a family or individual:
1 – If you are an individual then it’s much easier for you to find a place, you have several options: find a homestay room, which is a fully furnished room in a family town house where they serve meals as well as the stay, you can look for one in this great website, that has thousands of host families available (http://www.homestayfinder.com/) for you, HomeStay Finder. Also you can find a short term rent or maybe a roommate, here is a best Canadian Local Classifieds website to find suitable rent: Kijiji.(http://www.kijiji.ca/)
2- If you are a family (like in my case, we were family of three) then you will probably need a furnished place to stay in, at least for the first month till you discover the city and places where you can buy furniture. So in my case I decided to go for Studio 6 extended stay hotels (http://www.staystudio6.com/) which offer the affordable comfort of furnished studios, it’s the cheapest furnished option with high quality service, only $1500 per month. That decision came after LOTS of international calls and very deep research.
Now in both cases whether you are individual or a family, after a while you need to settle in an apartment and furnish it. So one important thing you need to know is that in most cases you need to sign a ONE year contract with the landlord and pay the first and the last month rent; moreover you need to show the ability to pay the rent for the complete year in order for the landlord to accept to sign that contract with you. That’s why Canadian Government tells you to bring good amount of money for the first 6 months when you first come to Canada.
Alternative sources that can also yield good finds include viewit.ca which is a dedicated rental site. kijiji.ca and Craigslist.ca are also very good sources although they are not just property specific, but do have a wide selection.
A wide range of hotels is available for temporary stays upon arrival in Canada. Average cost of a room in a YWCA/YMCA: $24 – $45 CDN per night. For more information see: http://www.apartmentscanada.com, http://www.ywcacanada.ca or http://www.ymca.ca, http://www.flatmates.com.au , http://www.ca.easyroommate.com.
http://www.Gumtree.com : Find or offer houses and flats in Canada Water, Cute room close to Fulham Broadway metro Station, where you will share with another nice people.
http://www.ontariotenants.ca : Greater Toronto Area and Peel Region Apartments for Rent: Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton, Scarborough, North York, East York, Etobicoke, York, High Park, Parkdale, etc.
http://www.Rentboard.ca : Search for apartments, houses, condos and other properties for rent on the Rent Board of Canada.
http://www.Realtor.ca : Your local REALTOR® will help you find the perfect home. Get started here by searching for properties for sale and rent across Canada.
If you want to settle down in a particular city or town for a number of months or more, then your best option is to find rental accommodation. Sharing with a mate will be even better and help save you some cash for sightseeing. Begin your search on some of these top rental websites:
Finding a job
Where to look for jobs postings
The Internet is an excellent research medium with a number of websites that provide opportunities to employees throughout Canada. The following is a list of major Canadian job portals:
Finding the right job in Canada is important to you if you are in the Canadian immigration process or even if you are just thinking about immigration to Canada.
You could apply for seasonal jobs in Canada at a ski resort and spend an amazing 6 months exploring, living, and working a winter season. There are also positions for foreigners to work in Canada during summer and all year round with http://www.seasonworkers.com, http://www.kijiji.ca, http://www.jobs.localwork.ca .
The list of job portals seems endless but some of the most important ones include :
http://www.Canadajobs.com : Offers resources for the job search and lists jobs in Canada, including government listings.
http://www.Eluta.ca : Official job search engine of the Canada’s Top 100 Employers® project. Find thousands of new jobs in Canada every day on the official job search engine of the Canada’s Top 100 Employers project.
http://www.Jobbank.gc.ca : is the government’s job site geared towards prospective immigrants. It has been recently combined with the governmen’ts Job Bank (see below), which is the public job advertising website for Canada.
Recruiting agencies vary across Canada. Depending on their location or their area of specialization, they may address the needs of different companies and different individuals.
Talking and interacting with other people can help you find a job. Family and friends may know someone that is looking to hire a worker. Many job positions are filled through contacts and recommendations; knowing the right people can be a real help.There are also online networking communities that have built-in features for finding jobs, check out the following links:
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) Job Bank:
As a designated federal body for the labour market in Canada, HRSDC offers many services to people looking for employment, including: resume writing workshops, mock interviews, etc. Please consult the HRSDC website for more information.
Regulations and application process
Canada is a very popular destination for skilled workers. This section describes who qualifies to obtain a work permit in Canada, the procedures and other regulations.
Every year, almost 100,000 temporary foreign workers enter Canada to work in jobs where there are temporary skill shortages. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) allocate visas depending on the need for such workers and the benefit that they are expected to provide to the Canadian economy. Almost all cases of temporary work in Canada require the worker to possess a valid work permit.
Who requires a work permit?
Several conditions must be satisfied in order to qualify for a work permit. Firstly, you must receive a job offer from a Canadian employer. When the offer is received,Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) usually provide a labour market ‘opinion’ or simply their confirmation of your job offer. HRSDCdetermines whether the job offer is legitimate and if it is the right thing for the Canadian labour market for you to be hired. For example, if there is a shortage of computer programmers and you have the skills, you will be more likely to have an application approved.
- Some individuals may be exempt from satisfying some conditions for work permit issue. You may obtain a work permit without the confirmation from HRSDC if you belong to any of the following groups:
- Professionals, traders and investors who are citizens of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries. This regulation also allows the issuance of work permits to people who enter Canada under other types of international agreements.
- Some types of entrepreneurs, intra-company transferees and other types of workers, who will provide significant benefit to Canadians or permanent residents by working in Canada.
- Persons whose employment in Canada provides similar employment to Canadians abroad, such as participants in youth exchange programs, exchange teachers and other reciprocal programs.
- Foreign students studying in Canada who need to work in order to fulfill co-op placements.
- Spouses and common-law partners of skilled foreign workers, spouses and common-law partners of certain foreign students, spouses and common-law partners of a person doing post-graduation employment for certain foreign students and post-doctoral fellows.
Persons undertaking charitable or religious work.
Certain persons who need to support themselves while they are in Canada for other reasons such as the refugee determination process and certain persons who have been accepted for permanent residence in Canada.
Federal tax rates for 2016 in Canada:
15% on the first $45,282 of taxable income, +
20.5% on the next $45,281 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $45,282 up to $90,563), +
26% on the next $49,825 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $90,563 up to $140,388), +
29% on the next $59,612 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $140,388 up to $200,000), +
33% of taxable income over $200,000.
The wireless/cell phone provider available in your area may depend on who has a license in the province where you live. The following is a list of the largest mobile carriers in Canada: Bell Mobility, Rogers, Telus Mobility, Virgin Mobile, Sprint Canada.